A Crossing of the San Antonio & Aransas Pass Railway and the Missouri - Kansas - Texas Railroad
During 1887-1891, the San Antonio and Aransas Pass (SA&AP) railroad built a line from Yoakum to Waco, the furthest north the railroad would ever reach. The line entered Waco on the southeast side of town, culminating in a sweeping curve to the west paralleling the south bank of the Brazos River as it reached downtown. The line extended through downtown past the SA&AP passenger depot and ended a few blocks further west. A block east of the SA&AP passenger depot, the line crossed the Missouri-Kansas-Texas (MKT, "Katy") railroad, a short distance south of the Katy bridge over the Brazos. Tower 59 was built in the southeast quadrant of the crossing and approved for operation by the Railroad Commission of Texas (RCT) on November 21, 1904. It was listed in RCT records as a "Mechanical" interlocker with 26 functions. The "Mechanical" description implies a manned structure, likely a 2-story tower, since unmanned mechanical interlockers were mostly referenced as "Cabin" interlockers in RCT documents. Although a complete photo of Tower 59 has not been located, photographic evidence of the tower has been discovered confirming its design as a traditional 2-story tower.
Historic Photos, Tower 59 and Vicinity
This panoramic photo of the Brazos River flood of 1908 (above) is provided by the BaylorUniversity Libraries Digital Collections Blog. A
magnification of the far right side of the high resolution version of this photo is annotated below to highlight the rooftop of Tower 59. This
roof design reveals Tower 59 to be a traditional 2-story tower. The roof profile is very common among Texas interlocking towers.
[Hat tip, Dennis Hogan]
Below: Roughly three decades after the 1908 flood, railroad magnate John W Barriger took this photo from the rear
platform of his business car as his train proceeded south through Waco. The view is north along the Katy tracks with
the Brazos River bridge in the distance. The site of Tower 59 was to the right, approximately where the car is parked.
The car at left is traveling on the street that was the SA&AP right-of-way. It does not appear that the SA&AP tracks
were still intact when this photo was taken in the late 30s or early 40s. Obviously, the tower had been removed by this
time, but when and why are questions that remain unanswered.
Finding traces of Tower 59's existence has proven difficult. It does not appear on the 1899 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map of Waco, nor does it appear on the 1926 edition (and unfortunately, there are no Sanborn maps of Waco between these dates). The SA&AP was acquired and merged into Southern Pacific's system. The SA&AP tracks into the Waco area remained in use by SP until the line was abandoned in 1967. Long before then, the SA&AP tracks into downtown had been removed, but the specific year and the impetus for doing so have not been determined.
Research by Bradley and John Linda at Waco city hall initially came up empty, as discussed in this email dated 9/10/2005:
...Dad and I made it down to the basement of City Hall and looked at the 1929 and 1955 aerials of Waco. Neither aerial shows 59 or 144. We think we can make out 8 in both (21 is distinctly evident). ... With regards to Tower 59, Dad said he thinks the SA&AP freight house near the SSW/SA&AP crossing had a second story on it, that looked like a tower. Perhaps this is Tower 59? The building has long been demolished. My grandfather seems to recall that this area where the SA&AP crossed the MKT and SSW was known as Brazos Jct, but he hasn't come across the photo of it in his collection yet.
Subsequently, Bradley had some success in confirming the existence of Tower
59. In an email dated 9/16/2005, he wrote:
Regarding the continuing saga of Waco Interlocking towers, I am now able to confirm a tower existed at the MKT/SA&AP diamond in Waco. We went down to Temple this evening to set up the NMRA booth at the Temple Train Show. We got done, and I started wandering the hall. I found my timetable source there, and laying on his table were, for $8 a copy, copies of a "Side Track Record" of the SA&AP between Adel and Waco. I've attached the photo of one of the two pages on Waco. It shows a "Signal Tower" at the MKT/SA&AP diamond (an 89 degree, 55 minute crossing). There are two dates on this page, "Nov 23, '18 ELV" and "-b- Jan. 26, 1921...
Above: This is a page from Side Track Records of the SA&AP between Adel and Waco showing "Signal Tower"
(at left) at the junction of the SA&AP and the MKT railroads. In the photo, south is up. Photo by Bradley Linda.
The Katy tracks remain intact and see significant traffic, now owned by Union Pacific. The SA&AP tracks and the Cotton Belt tracks have been abandoned, although the Cotton Belt bridge over the Brazos remains standing.
Tower 59 Site Map
The SA&AP (blue), Katy (red) and Cotton Belt (green) rights-of-way are annotated onto this satellite image of the riverfront area
of downtown. The south extensions of the two railroad bridges over the Brazos River are visible at the top of the image. Only the
Katy tracks remain in place.